The mechanisms of defence
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The mechanisms of defence book
In 'The ego and the id' Freud (1923) states that the neurotic conflict takes place between the ego and the id. The ego seeks to bar the expression of certain instinctual impulses and to do this employs characteristic procedures known in psychoanalytic theory as mechanisms of defence. These defences have been carefully described and a brief description of each will be givn below. In psychoanalytic theory (e.g. Fenichel, 1945) it is common to distinguish between successful and unsuccessful defences. Successful defences allow expression for the instinctual drive, unsuccessful ones, on the other hand, fail to do this thus necessitating their continuous repetition.