Freudian theory and scientific method
DOI link for Freudian theory and scientific method
Freudian theory and scientific method book
The observations on which Freudian theory rests are made by psychoanalysts during therapy. The raw data of psychoanalytic theory consist of the free associations of the patient and the reports of dreams to which further free associations are elicited. These raw data are not even recorded as spoken but are recalled later by the analyst. Thus there is no quantification, no control group, nor indeed any check on the reliability of the analyst's memory.