COUNTRY RECREATIONS Markham
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COUNTRY RECREATIONS Markham book
There be many other particular recreations necessary for the knowledge and practice of our husbandman ; as first, shooting in the long-bow, which is both healthful for the body and necessary for the commonwealth; the first extending the limbs and making them pliant, the other enabling strength fit to preserve and defend his country. And first, for shooting in the longbow, a man must observe these few rules ; first, that he have a good eye to behold and discern his mark, a knowing judgment to understand the distance of ground, to take the true advantage of a side wind and to know in what compass his arrow must fly, and a quick dexterity to give his shaft a strong, sharp and sudden loose. He must, in the action itself, stand fair, comely and upright with his body, his left foot a convenient stride before his right, both his hams stiff, his left arm holding his bow in the midst stretched straight out, and his right arm with his three first fingers and his thumb drawing the string to his right ear, the notch of his arrow resting between his forefinger and long finger of his right hand, and the steel of his arrow below the feathers upon the middle knuckle of his forefinger on his left hand, he shall draw his arrow up close unto the head and deliver it on the instant without hanging on the string. The best bow is either Spanish or English yew, and the worst, of witchen or elm. The best shaft is of birch, sugar-chest, or brazel; and the best feathers grey or white.