ABSTRACT

This chapter examines the role of the crimmigrant other in the progressive securitisation and militarisation of the European Union's (EU) border policies. It looks at the integrative features of the EU’s focus on border security, particularly as regards combating human smuggling. The chapter discusses the duality of contemporary systems of European migration control and governance and to the centrality of humanitarian rationalities within them. It outlines the rise of Frontex, the European Border and Coast Guard Agency. Interviews with Frontex officers revealed how they, on their own initiative, often attempted to reframe their mission in terms of humanitarian assistance by providing migrants with water, clothing, and medicines. Frontex is an important player in extraterritorial border control, a situation which was further strengthened by the 2016 revisions. The EU’s efforts to combat irregular border crossings have led to the tightening of border controls in neighbouring regions.