ABSTRACT

This chapter argues that beneath the rhetoric of political equality and public inclusion, opportunity-oriented strategies tend to establish and reinforce an exclusionary system and are unable to modify, change or even challenge the traditional system of meaning or the social hierarchy that underlie and cause exclusion. Opportunity-oriented policies limit their consideration of social justice to the public, shared, political space and conceive it as “the absence of social injustice”. Legal interventions and political strategies against marginalization are organized with a view on obtaining a fair arrangement of society. The price to treat everybody as equal, as equally included and able to join political life as a member of a political community, fails to weigh up the reasons behind marginalization. Opportunity-oriented policies promote a formal inclusion, realized through granting access to political procedures to every citizen. One of the main flaws of this approach concerns the ambiguous bifurcation of the concept of equality they inadvertently support.