If teachers are creating an entirely new course, it's helpful if they have at least worked through some preliminary planning: developing a working title, creating a basic course description, and identifying the level of the course along with any prerequisites that might be appropriate. The process of creating course outcomes varies between disciplines, depending in part on the uniformity of knowledge and practice present in each. University syllabi typically include a set of statements called "Outcomes" and "Objectives" that describe what students should know and be able to do by the end of a course or at the conclusion of a degree program. Outcomes broadly align curriculum with departmental, institutional, and external standards. Objectives define measurable and observable benchmarks for student learning. Outcomes and objectives exist at both the programmatic and course levels. Both outcomes and objectives should use active verbs aligned with Bloom's Taxonomy.