Jeremiah Joyce had many connections with the Scottish Martyrs through the Society for Constitutional Information and the London Corresponding Society, which sent delegates to the first and second general conventions of Scottish reformers in Edinburgh in December 1792 and April 1793. Joyce had become aware of difficulties on board the Surprize as early as January 1795 when he saw a letter from Margarot which was sent from Rio de Janeiro when the Surprize docked there. Joyce's theology held that the individual had to come to knowledge of God through the use of reason. Joyce's conceptual linkage between notions of the relative independence of the human spirit in children and the appropriate pedagogy with which to approach children is also displayed in his arguments against rote learning. The image of human development that Joyce promoted was, however, also one which reflected the position and struggle of rational dissent.