ABSTRACT

The setting plays a critical role in the social construction ofreality. The majority of children who are raised in poverty are victims of negative environments (Comer and Poussaint, 1975). According to Wilson (1978),

Lack of resources or their proper utilization in the ghetto and the overwhelming abundance of adverse circumstances shapes the minds of the inhabitants, forces them to narrow their perspectives, to concentrate on adapting and surviving in those conditions, spends their cognitive talents on the trivialities of a highly fragmented environment and this forces them to take their pleasures where and when they find them, to take them immediately and to constantly seek escape-most by psychological means such as alcohol, drugs, chronic sexual involvement, to take from their fellow members through crime, whatever amount of scarce resources they may possess (p. 202).