In 1941, at the request of Mr. Arthur Greenwood and Lord Reith, the Ministers then in charge of reconstruction and of physical planning, the Nuffield College Social Reconstruction Survey set out to make a study of the post-war economic prospects of the main industrial regions of Great Britain. The Survey as a whole covered social as well as economic prospects: it was concerned with the patterns of community living and social service as well as with questions of industrial and commercial development. The war has emptied some places of a substantial part of their pre-war industries, and has filled up the gap with war production or with industries evacuated from other areas. There are many smallish towns, for example, which would probably have no chance of being scheduled as 'development areas', but do badly need help in securing additional industries of a suitable sort.