This chapter examines the complex role of the religious sector in strengthening social divisions that lead to instability, drawing attention to the divisive power of religious discourse especially when linked to ethnicity. Yet also aware that in various ways religious belief and practice can as well be a unifying force, it analyses the bridges built by religious actors in Africa in increasing social cohesion. The link between religion and conflict is, accordingly, explored by viewing religion as a cause of structural violence through discrimination and exclusions. In that respect the chapter surveys the role of the three main religious traditions on the continent in dynamics of conflict, especially in the postcolonial era. It discusses first, Africa indigenous religions, second, Christianity, and third, Islam. It concludes by exploring religious initiatives in peace-building.