To build an innovative country, systemic and mechanical innovation are key. The construction of an innovative country is an extremely extensive and profound kind of social change that not only sets new demands on government functions but infuses new contents into them. The government should shift from focusing on direct organizational innovation activities to macro-control, creating favorable conditions and environment, providing public services, and supporting and guiding independent innovation in various ways. The key to building an innovative country is to make efforts to transform the functions of the government and make breakthroughs in the innovation of government administration and the integration of resources. Reforming the administrative assessment system is an important part of optimizing the organizational structure of the government and strengthening the construction of public service sectors. To implement structural major ministerial reform, it is basically necessary to establish a modern system that meets the requirements of a service-oriented and responsible government, under the rule of law.