This chapter addresses in political science and international development – by both anti-corruption interventions by various agencies working in international development; and also development, politics and international relations scholarship. It considers the philosophical basis for anti-corruption interventions, looking at various approaches to justice, the nature of the debate on justice itself as well as the motivations for individuals to engage in corruption. The chapter discusses the factors such as cultural and moral motivations for engaging in corrupt behavior. It presents the dominant theories in the literature, from both economic and political science approaches. The chapter refers that responsibility for addressing corruption falls not only upon individual governments and their civil society but also the private sector as well as the international community of other states and international organisations. It explores the most relevant approaches to justices, which is incorporated within and influence the more specific theoretical approaches to corruption and the resulting denial of justice.