In this chapter on case studies in the anthropology of climate change, we note that while there exist distinct theoretical perspectives employed by anthropologists seeking to comprehend climate change, in reality, working on climate change may lead to a blending of these perspectives through eclectic approaches in a particular locale and how a local population perceives and respond to it. Bearing this in mind, this chapter presents several case studies that examine the research of various anthropologists who have worked on climate change issues in regions impacted by climate change or on specific topics related to climate change. The case studies we present in this chapter are: (1) the Arctic and sub-Arctic region; (2) low-lying islands in the South Pacific; (3) Bangladesh; (4) high mountainous areas—the Andes, Himalayas, and the Alps; (5) dry places—sub-Saharan Africa and Australia; (6) the indigenous US Southwest; (7) responses to climate change in developed societies; and (8) the scientists of climate science and the anti-scientists of climate change.