At the beginning of the 1930s, there was no student movement to speak of in the United States. The young people’s branches of the socialist and Com­ munist parties-the Young Communist League (YCL), the League for Indus­ trial Democracy, and the Young People’s Socialist League (YPSL)—and tiny sects of anti-Stalinists existed as national organizations and as small isolated bodies at the major universities (at, for example, Harvard, Chicago, Berke­ ley). They were a little stronger in Wisconsin where they were attracted and supported by a strong local tradition; their main activity was at the City College of New York. Although the motives for their radicalism might have been personal and private or abstract and universal, all of them were attached to national organizations under the umbrella of which young persons-not students as such-stood.