This chapter discusses the influences of physical self-maintenance ability, length of residence in a new home, social class background, and religiosity on the social and psychological adjustments of elderly blacks in a new residential setting. Social change will be represented by alternations in the characteristics of members or the population of a group sharing a common residential setting. The chapter focuses on some evidence of the influences of social change on the social and psychological behavior of elderly black persons. It discusses some findings of the relationship between adjustments to forced migration and pre-relocation levels of physical self-maintenance ability. The chapter describes the relationship between various aspects of personal adjustment and length of residence in a new home, social class background, and religiosity. It analyzes some findings about the relations between religiosity and personal adjustment under conditions of change in place of residence.