Transplantation shock is the manifestation of distress experienced by a person following relocation. Residential relocation is not necessarily a source of distress, but it may be. This chapter discusses a variety of changes in behavior under conditions of forced or involuntary migration and focuses on changes in mortality rates. Along with health differences, mental status, and self-maintenance abilities, the increased mortality rates show the need for careful research on age, sex, pre-relocation signs of depression, felt support from family and friends, and other factors that may help to distinguish survivors from non-survivors following relocation. Pauline Bart's hypotheses about the negative influences of the kinds of disruptions on the psychological functioning of women is supported in the results of the differences between levels of self-image, felt loneliness, and self-percieved change for female survivors and non-survivors. There was evidence that the anticipation of relocation may have been more traumatic than relocation itself.