This chapter seeks to present the social situation in the school as the subject of a possible scientific study and control. The same situation among primitive people is scientifically studied by the sociologist and folkpsychologist. It has been indicated that language being essentially social in its nature, thinking, with the child, is rendered concrete by taking on the form of conversation. It has been also indicated that this can take place only when the thought has reference to a real problem in the experience of the child. The child, in entering into his heritage of ideas and methods, should have the emotional response which the boy has in a primitive community when he has been initiated into the mysteries and the social code of the group of which he has become a citizen. The school undertakes to acquaint the child with the ideas and methods which he is to use as a man.