The education of a workman has always been very close to his trade. The dependence of his training upon his trade is expressed in the word apprenticeship. The school taught the use of language and number. Apprenticeship taught the vocation. The education of the workman has been and has remained divided into two parts, the formal training in the three R’s and the apprenticeship to a trade. These two parts have not been parts of a whole. The apprenticeship has suffered severely in the change of modem industry, but even in its better days, it did not awaken any interest in its own history, nor in its social conditions, nor in the technique of better methods. In many the apprenticeship system has quite gone by the boards, in others it is not at all adequate. As long as advance in wages means skill, there will be an inevitable demand among laborers for industrial training.