Of all subjects in the school curriculum, mathematics is the one that has been traditionally considered culture-and value-free. Bishop (1988) argues convincingly that this is not the case. This is made explicit in the following statement:

Educating people mathematically consists of much more than just teaching them some mathematics. It is much more difficult to do, and the problems and issues are much more challenging. It requires a fundamental awareness of the values which underlie mathematics and a recognition of the complexity of educating children about those values. It is not enough merely to teach them mathematics, we need also to educate them about mathematics, to educate them through mathematics, and to educate them with mathematics.