Islamic civilization is held together by the teachings of the Qur'an and the use of Qur'anic Arabic. Western civilization is a product of Judaic-Christian ideas, and the legacy of the Greek and Roman cultures. Besides being a product of intercivilizational exchanges, the Indian constitution provides important insights into the problems of establishing standards for the implementation of the universal right to education. Amidst these civilizational differences, there is a growing uniformity of global education. The intercivilizational nature of equality, freedom, and human rights was exemplified by a symposium hosted by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) just prior to the issuance of the 1948 Declaration. Trained as an anthropologist, Appadurai substitutes the expression global cultural flow for the term global culture. The global culture of education is a uniform thread in the global flow. There is a tension between the global culture of education and human rights statements on education.