Having looked in the last chapter at the penal messages communicated to offenders during sentencing, in this one I turn to the responses expected from offenders. The bulk of the chapter is devoted to this discussion, structured according to the same normative-instrumental categorisation as before. It also examines a subsidiary question that has intuitive appeal but on which there is some debate in the literature: whether an offender who shows remorse or tries to put the damage right in some way deserves a reduced sentence.