ABSTRACT

The foregoing chapters reveal a broad spectrum of changes and adaptations in the sectors studied. Although it has examined three different sectors, the research has revealed some strong similarities, including trends that span different countries and illustrate structural change in which globalization could be seen as a common impact. This chapter will summarize the more pronounced factors of change that have emerged in the study, in other words those spanning sectors and areas. In these instances, as interviewees in fishing suggested, trends may be relevant beyond a particular region or sector and reflect broader globalizing tendencies that can be expected to impact vulnerability in similar ways elsewhere (depending on the local structure, including, for instance, the degree of marginalization in the area). Examples of trends that could span larger areas include stakeholders’ perception of a growing emphasis on the market and economic conditions; an increased delocalization, or uncoupling of production decisions from the local level; adaptations that limit vulnerability by removing sectoral practices further from the natural environment and natural variability; and the enhanced capacities of systems to differentiate vulnerability among different groups.