In this chapter, we describe the process through which we carried out our survey of biocultural diversity conservation projects, programmes and initiatives worldwide. We first present the criteria that guided our selection of projects and the areas of emphasis on which we chose to focus. We then briefly outline the data-gathering activities we carried out during the two phases of the survey and the data analysis we conducted in the following stage. The technical aspects of the survey procedures, as well as the survey tools, are provided in Appendix 2.