ABSTRACT

Integration of intragenerational and intergenerational analyses is preferable for developing countries because intergenerational socioenvironmental inequities (unsustainable growth) may to a significant extent be grounded in the existence of intragenerational inequities. A common denominator of both types of inequities is the dominance of the state by a small fraction of the population, which is able to direct public policies for their own benefit rather than maximal social welfare (López 2003; Van Beers and de Moor 2001). Will governments that systematically neglect the welfare of the vast majority of the current population follow public policies that consider the interests of those not yet born? The answer is not obvious. It is in principle possible that if the elites that dominate the state are concerned about their descendants, this concern will be reflected in current public policies. It depends on the political economy mechanisms they use to influence public policies.