The individual chapters in this book have addressed a number of key questions and key issues that are inspired by the debates in current international relations theory. The first question is whether Africa figures on the foreign policy agenda of some of the most important international actors. Moreover, is it possible to identify significant changes in their policies towards Africa over the last 40 to 50 years? Basically, do the individual OECD member states have a (national) interest in the fate of Africa, or have global developments as well as developments in Africa itself over the last couple of decades made the region irrelevant to many big external actors?