One Japanese advocate of quantitative geography was Teruo Ishimizu, who taught at Saitama University. In 1972, he wrote a review paper on quantitative geography and classified its research fields into the following seven categories: point pattern analysis; network analysis; trend-surface analysis; regionalization analysis; spatial interaction analysis; spatial diffusion analysis; and spatial behavior analysis. In 1974, Ishimizu gained the opportunity to study in Europe by means of a foreign residency research program supported by the Japanese government, and he studied at Lund University for 4 months. The time-geography study group undertook empirical research to analyze the daily activities of urban residents in Japan through a time-geographic perspective. Accordingly, the group collected daily activity data of urban residents. The chapter examines the long working hours and traditional gender roles in Japanese society as factors that make it difficult to balance employment and childcare.