ABSTRACT

In the bureaucratic-authoritarian industrialization era (1961-1987), the NACF served as a parastatal implementation organ of government bureaucracy. Organizational growth was conditioned by state-led agricultural development initiatives that prescribed specific organizational functions and activities. From 1988 to the present, the forces of political democratization and market liberalization have continued to reshape the Korean political economy. Organizationally, the NACF has responded with democratic reforms in its governance structure that are congruent with political trends in the wider society. Pressures for NACF business reorganization, a response to current market liberalization initiatives, are being fashioned within this more open, contested political environment. The result is an organization-in-transition. The NACF has become less parastatal and more corporatist associational (see Burmeister 1999), as farmer-member interests must now be reconciled with government policy preferences in fashioning NACF responses to present rural/agricultural development issues.