Credit should be given to two great scholars, Moses Finley and Arnaldo Momigliano, for having drawn our attention to the work of Max Weber specifically devoted to the history of the ancient world.1 It is above all because of the influence of Momigliano that the first of Weber’s essays, the Roman agrar ian history (1891), is now generally regarded as less important than his later Agrarian relations in antiquity, published in the third edition of the Handwörterbuch der Staatswissenschaften (1909).2