This chapter focuses on unpaid work (housework, care of other family members, shopping and household administration) by gender in different household types. A first source of data that may be used in order to quantify unpaid work are time-budget data. These provide direct information on unrecorded work activities and may also be used for comparative crosscountry analyses. 1 The information has been recorded in Italy in the ISTAT Time Budget Survey (hereafter TBS) which records time budgets by means of interviews and daily diaries during different days of the week on a daily basis for each individual in the family more than 3 years old. The survey was conducted in 1989 on a sample of 19,728 families. 2 However, the survey does not follow the same household across different days of the week (weekdays excluding Saturdays and Sundays).