The increasing attention devoted to unpaid work is concentrated mainly on the economic role it plays in the process of income production and wealth. Some of the main issues debated during recent years in many international conferences are: how, and if, unpaid work can be measured; how, and if, it can be valued and included in the systems of national accounts (SNA); and how the unpaid provision of care relates both to the market and to the state, affecting women's economic position. There are no unique and unquestionable solutions to these issues; different approaches have been suggested on how domestic work may be measured and evaluated, and the results in terms of its monetary value are strongly dependent on the chosen method. However, there is a general consensus that if non-market work was included in SNA a totally different picture would emerge. 1