Every day, many women struggle to access essential opportunities such as jobs, education, shops and friends. Failing to provide them with adequate transport services can eventually lead to an undesirable situation of social disadvantage and exacerbate the gender gap between men and women. This chapter explains how being a woman has a significant influence on mobility characteristics and travel behaviour. It also goes deeper into the main challenges and issues that need to be overcome to reduce inequalities of access and movement opportunities between genders. Properly addressing these challenges plays a crucial role in providing women with empowerment, access to opportunities and independence.