Mobility poverty is intrinsically linked to spatial dynamics. Geographies and spatial systems influence how people move. Conversely, movements of all kinds have an impact on locations. They shape the built environment by adding to it the necessary infrastructure for mobility. Mobilities also co-create spatial typologies with particular mobility-related characteristics, such as car-dependent suburban neighbourhoods. Similarly, experiences of mobility disadvantage may be shaped by spatial disadvantages, e.g. by peripheral location in the spatial system. However, the relationship between mobility poverty, spatial factors and social exclusion is never a determinism or automatism, as will be shown. Therefore, this chapter will first provide an overview of spatial systems and dynamics in Europe before turning towards specific challenges in the urban and rural context.