Emerging scholarship on women in African judiciaries shows a growth in the number of women judges at the domestic and international levels. While the symbolic representation of women judges, quantified in terms of the number of women appointed to the bench, shows promises of hope for access to justice, more work is needed to establish whether there is any causal relationship between the symbolic representation of women and the substantive representation of women or gender-related issues in the courts. This chapter provides an introduction and overview of the chapters in this book. It sets the theoretical and conceptual framing of the book while providing glimpses into the main findings of some chapters. It provides a thematic discussion of the patterns and trends and makes a case for more research on the topic of gender and judging across Africa.