The conduct of states may affect the human rights of individuals located outside their borders. In the inter-American human rights system, the scope of extraterritorial obligations is linked to the universality principle and the jurisdiction clause. States are internationally responsible for not only human rights violations that were attributed to them within their own territory, but also for actions or omissions perpetrated outside their territory but within their jurisdiction. This chapter explores the criteria developed by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights to establish the international responsibility of States in the framework of extraterritorial obligations in specific cases, and identifies the types of situations in which extraterritorial responsibility has been established.