Lisa Kihl challenges the effectiveness of good governance strategies in sport for their piecemeal and lack of holistic approach. Instead, she proposes an alternative, systemic approach to safeguarding integrity within national sport governing bodies. Promoting integrity, tackling integrity violations, and minimising integrity risks requires a sport integrity system comprised of actors, internal components (integrity management), and external accountability components (regulatory and social environments). It furthermore requires coordination, capacity building, and ongoing evaluation of the effectiveness of the system as a whole as well as its individual components. This approach opens a range of opportunities for research into integrity systems, including mapping different systemic configurations, assessing the performance of specific systems, and exploring the instruments that make up an effective integrity management infrastructure.