In this concluding chapter, we summarize the main contributions of the volume and sketch a research agenda for future investigations into institutional dynamics in contexts characterized by resource dependence and weak state capacities. For this agenda, we distil a series of hypotheses and theoretical implications from the books’ chapters that may be valid across different countries and regions. Based on these, we raise a couple of relevant questions for further research. Our nascent research agenda includes six thematic areas: 1) governments and institutional change in resource economies; 2) beyond the government: the role of non-state actors and international organizations; 3) the patterns, sequencing, and timing of institutional change; 4) institutional design and implementation; 5) context matters: the national and subnational contexts; and 6) informal institutions in resource governance. We elaborate on each briefly and close with some final remarks.