The final chapter of the volume draws together the main strings of the preceding chapters into three themes: English in relation to the languages of the Nordic countries; 2) changes in research approaches of language and language use; 3) Nordic exceptionalism; the Nordic countries as a model. In addition to commentary from the volume’s editors, ten eminent scholars of the language situation in the Nordic countries have been consulted to supply their viewpoints. Their response to two questions, one having to do with the history of English studies in the Nordic countries, and the other having to do with the future of English studies, round out the volume by offering a complement to themes raised in the previous eleven chapters.