In its transition from a security receiver to a security provider, Albania has undertaken important reforms in its security, defence, and foreign policy sectors. The country joined NATO in 2009. It fully aligns with the EU’s common defence and security policy, contributes to international crisis management and peacekeeping missions, and continues to play a constructive and moderating role for stability in the region. Nevertheless, key challenges remain in its domestic vulnerabilities and incapacities. This chapter looks at the Albanian security context, the threats it faces and their complexity, and the major relevant discourses, reforms, and practices. It also discusses the future shifts that will be necessary to prioritise and practice security in Albania.