This chapter formalises and builds upon that work by bringing together 49 critical researchers to form a collective scholarly critique of existing research, pushing forward new agendas for the future of research with international students as a subfield within higher education studies. Research with international students makes an important contribution to higher education studies – the broader research field which focuses on higher education as a site of study – because international students are a significant group at many institutions. International students’ growing presence has led to an interdisciplinary subfield of research which seeks to understand, unpack, and problematize their experiences and contributions. International students form one part of the wider internationalisation and globalisation of higher education. Research with international students may take many forms, but most commonly refers to research which includes international students as participants and/or focuses on their experiences, behaviours, attitudes, outcomes, and/or preferences in higher education.