Since 9/11 in 2001 and the 7/7 bombings in 2005, the fight against extremism and terrorism has been firmly anchored in the agenda of British governments. This chapter focuses particularly on the measures to strengthen democracy taken by Conservative governments since 2010, tracing the thesis that the policies to make democracy work stem from an understanding of extremism as a breeding ground for terrorism. The focus is on the “Big Society” programme, specifically the National Citizen Service, its pillars, goals, and effects. Particular importance is attached to the relationship between the state and civil society.