The innovation stream that is at the centre of this chapter is self-organised community development with refugees. Self-organisation and bottom-up collective action is not a new development as such. The chapter focuses on heterogeneous groups of refugees—including those who have obtained the refugee status, those awaiting their procedures and those whose status applications have been denied—in particular localities. It addresses the following questions: How did ‘self-organised community development with refugees’ emerge over time? What actors, or interplay of actors, contributed to the emergence of this innovation stream? Many projects focusing on basic services for refugees result in community integration by establishing connections between refugees and volunteers from the host society, for instance. In short, practitioners and policy-makers may consider a wide range of options of new, networked ways of dealing with refugees locally.