This chapter suggests the proposition that existing research has neglected important contextual aspects that are important in analysing and explaining citizens' attitudes and behaviour in the context of (electronic) surveillance and political participation. It starts with a contextual and historical background of Greece's surveillance history and presence, as well as citizens' attitudes to it. Another type of state surveillance that was also frequently communicated via the media during this era concerns surveillance of political elites or activists, mainly from the far-left and the far-right of the political spectrum, usually on the grounds of their possible relation to terrorist groups and/or organized crime. Then, the chapter presents the research methods used for the collection of empirical data, as well as the main insights gained by the analysis. The chapter also discusses a study that attempts to operationalize a mixed-method approach in order to better understand the relationship between electronic surveillance and political participation in Greece.