The aim of this chapter is not only to conclude the empirical analysis, but also to evaluate the conceptual/analytical framework that underlay and enabled such conclusions. The first section wraps up the findings in Chapters 3 and 4 by way of readdressing the research questions. Although the two cases principally serve the aim of enhancing within-case understanding of Japanese statecraft, there are intriguing similarities between them. Whereas the first section demonstrates that with relational power analysis Japanese foreign policy can be portrayed more intelligibly in terms of power, the second addresses the leverage of the conceptual/analytical framework itself-especially in comparison with the more traditional analysis of power, which was criticized in the Introduction. In particular, it argues that the conceptual framework not only is better suited to the analysis of Japan’s foreign policy, but arguably to foreign policy analysis in general. Indeed, it demonstrates how relational power analysis could even be seen as tantamount to its very purpose. It also elaborates briefly how the findings in this book fit into the larger theoretical debates, and points out some implications for future research.