As it is the aim of any elite sportsman to compete and win at the highest level (De Ridder and Peens, 2000), and it is a rarity in sport for successful participants not to demonstrate morphological similarities to their peers, the influence of body build, form and composition (morphology) on performance has been researched off and on since the fifth century B.C (De Ridder, 1993). However, it was not until the late 20th century that this type of research came into its own.