We conclude our discussion of the European dimension of British planning by considering a number of thematic and conceptual issues. These relate to the future European aspect of British planners’ work and their recognition and acknowledgement of the European root to policies and of the European opportunities that may exist, and the different scales that planning may operate within in future. There follows discussion of the competing claims on planning in the twenty-first century, how planning as a governance process is stretched across various tiers and scales and how this may cause political and practical problems. The discussion concludes by addressing some broad European issues that could form a context for future research.