This chapter briefly introduces the idea of “new industrial urbanism,” as a framework for the future possible relationships between cities and industry, and between current urban planning practices and the places that are dedicated to the production of goods. It places the framework in the context of three overarching concepts of contemporary industrial development, Industry 4.0, industrial ecosystems, and industrial ecology, as well as generic policy strategies in the development of industrial areas: collaboration, specialization, balance, and conversion. New Industrial Urbanism is a concept that focuses on cities. It refers to typologies in which industrial areas are integrated into the city, and offers an alternative to the autonomous industrial park, which contributes to extra-urban and suburban sprawl. Government policies do occasionally enhance and support new industrial urbanism, especially through economic development strategies for cultivating cross-sector collaborations and partnerships in metropolitan areas.