History offers an immense space for re-imagining the nation, its roots, and therefore its legitimacy. It can also be conflated with fiction and develop in the peripheral spaces of para- or pseudo-science, as alternate history. The Russian public has become accustomed to hearing about the latest reversals of historical perspectives at regular intervals; this schizophrenia has facilitated the massive establishment of alternate history in contemporary Russia, where people experienced the collapse of the Soviet Union and the birth of new states as something imposed from both without and within. One of the most widespread alternatives of national and world history is linked to the "Jewish question." In the New Chronology, Belarus and Ukraine exist only as pieces of Russian history, just as the Turkic peoples of the Russian Federation and Central Asia have no history outside of a Russocentric framework.