How have people understood and analyzed politics, and how can they do it better, both in terms of clearer comprehension and making a more effective contribution to grasping and achieving worthy goals? We argue that it needs to devote much more attention to political theory and abandon its bias toward liberal individualism. The chapter concludes with a survey of main methods of politology and the ways it has attempted to link explicanda (what is getting explained) and explicans (what is doing the explaining).