This chapter presents a brief history of the field with a focus on the socio-economic background of the rise of entrepreneurial education and its path towards academic legitimization. The aim is to interpret and discuss the characteristics and evolution of entrepreneurial education research. Therefore, we examine the unique close link between the socio-economic reality and an academic agenda from both historical and research perspectives. We discuss different factors that enabled entrepreneurial education to experience such exponential growth on a global scale. Our discussion provides a basic understanding of the field of entrepreneurial education and its evolution.