ABSTRACT

In Chapter 3, based on a logical comparison and integration of discourse-analytical approaches, theories, and methodologies, the comparative, discourse-analytical research design is developed, including case and material selection. Three decisive guiding questions of Discourse Analysis are defined: (1) What happens in discourse? (content), (2) How is meaning constructed in the discourse? (references), and (3) Why? (reasons). This results in eight analytical dimensions of discourses: (1) Course, (2) Actors, (3) Rules, (4) Levels of reference, (5) Topic areas, (6) Motifs, (7) Arguments, and (8) References. Different from most other discourse-analytical approaches, the design is based on the methodological premise that discourses can be fundamentally influenced by prior discourses, socio-economic factors, and social and political structures. Therefore, the contexts of national EU discourses are also considered and operationalized. The research material aims to represent the political spectrum as broadly as possible, and altogether eight quality newspapers were analysed: for Germany the daily newspapers Frankfurter Allgemeine (conservative), Süddeutsche Zeitung (liberal), taz (left-liberal), and Neues Deutschland (far left); and for France Le Figaro (conservative), Le Monde (liberal), libération (left-liberal), and L´Humanité (far left). The corpus consists of altogether 8145 articles. A total of 2247 articles were coded.